RAILS Project: first deliverable and dissemination results

Wednesday, September 23rd, 2020
Dear Colleagues,
I would like to inform you that the RAILS project has produced its first deliverable that can be downloaded from:
As part of project dissemination activities, we have organized the 1st International Workshop on “Artificial Intelligence for RAILwayS” (AI4RAILS):

The Springer proceedings of AI4RAILS are available at:

and can be downloaded for a limited time (until October 1st 2020) from:


Finally, the paper entitled “Low-Power Wide-Area Networks in Intelligent Transportation: Review and Opportunities for Smart-Railways”, co-authored with Linnaeus University master student Ruth Dirnfeld, has been recently presented at the 23rd IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC) according to the following updated program:

Presentation slides are available on slideshare.


Any feedback on all those initiatives and preliminary results is very much appreciated!


Prof. Francesco Flammini

RAILS Technical Manager, AI4RAILS Co-Chair



Two CPS-group papers accepted for publication by a prestigious Elsevier journal and a top IEEE conference

Friday, May 22nd, 2020

In the last few weeks, we started to reap the benefits of our hard work with two good news. The paper entitled “Safety Integrity Through Self-Adaptation for Multi-Sensor Event Detection: Methodology and Case-Study” (with Stefano MarroneRoberto NardoneMauro Caporuscio and Mirko D’Angelo) has been accepted with minor revisions by Future Generation Computer Systems (Elsevier, IF: 5.768), while the paper entitled “Low-Power Wide-Area Networks in Intelligent Transportation: Review and Opportunities for Smart-Railways” (with Ruth DirnfeldStefano MarroneRoberto Nardone and Valeria Vittorini) has been accepted for presentation at the 23rd IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, i.e., the top event on intelligent transportation.

#railsproject #safety #its #iot #autonomousvehicles #smart #railways


UPDATE JUNE 27th 2020

FGCS paper finally online at:

Paper on IoT Self-Healing accepted at 30th European Safety and Reliability Conference

Monday, April 6th, 2020

The paper entitled “Towards Self-Healing in the Internet of Things by Log Analytics and Process Mining” (Singh PJ. Flammini F, Caporuscio M, Saman Azari M, Thornadtsson J) has been accepted for presentation at the 30th European Safety and Reliability Conference and 15th Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management Conference (ESREL2020-PSAM15), to be held in Venice, Italy on June 21-26 2020, and publication in the conference book of proceedings.

Link to the paper on Researchgate:

UPDATE November 2020:


New workshop on Artificial Intelligence for RAILwayS (AI4RAILS) accepted at European Dependable Computing Conference

Thursday, March 19th, 2020

AI4RAILS – 1st International Workshop on Artificial Intelligence for RAILwayS

Workshop chairs: Stefano Marrone (University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy), Roberto Nardone (Mediterranean University of Reggio Calabria, Reggio Calabria, Italy)
Workshop series steering committee chairs: Francesco Flammini (Mälardalen University and Linnaeus University, Sweden), Valeria Vittorini (University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy)

The impact of Artificial Intelligence (AI) techniques on industry has been so disruptive that it gave rise to a new wave of research and applications. Several industries, mainly in logistics and manufacturing, have benefited significantly from AI adoption and this positive trend is planned to be kept in the future. Modern and future railways represent one of the fields in which AI is expected to have a significant impact in a medium to long term perspective, in order to get higher levels of automation. On the one hand, this opens for unprecedented scenarios for railway systems, but on the other hand, it also raises concerns regarding system dependability and new threats associated with a high level of autonomy. Therefore, the first step towards the adoption of AI in the railway sector is understanding to what extent AI can be considered reliable, safe and secure. In such a context, building upon the ongoing Shift2Rail project RAILS (Roadmaps for the AI integration in the raiL Sector), the aim of the 1st AI4RAILS workshop is to provide a forum for researchers, practitioners and business leaders to discuss and share new perspectives, ideas, technologies and solutions for an effective and dependable integration of AI techniques in rail-based transportation systems.

Co-located with 16th European Dependable Computing Conference, 7-10 September 2020, Munich, Germany:

Seminar on Performance Engineering Cyber-Physical Systems

Friday, December 6th, 2019

We would like to thank our new research assistant Lorenzo Pagliari for the seminar he held this morning (December 6th 2019, 9.00-10.00) in Växjö campus about “Performance Engineering Cyber-Physical Systems“.

Please find below the abstract and the slides of his talk.



Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) are the consequence of today’s technology progression. They were born as natural evolution of a very large family of systems such as embedded systems, complex systems and system of systems and many others. Technology improvements give us more computational power, more powerful telecommunication architectures and more efficient software and algorithms that characterize the smart feature that is so widespread and used in the last few years. New terms such as “smart robots”, “smart industry”, “smart automotive” are becoming more popular and widespread used. Besides that, all these new type of systems are attracting more and more attention of the respective research communities. Therefore, with a new type of system that is strongly impacting many different realities, the importance of performance engineering them properly is rising.

SLIDES: Pagliari_PerformanceEngineering_CPS


If you have any questions, please feel free to contact him or Mauro Caporuscio.

Project RAILS (Roadmaps for AI integration in the raiL Sector) selected for EU funding (Horizon2020 – Shift2Rail JU)

Tuesday, November 12th, 2019

The research project named RAILS (Roadmaps for AI integration in the raiL Sector) has been selected for EU funding by the Horizon 2020 Shift2Rail Joint Undertaking (call ID: S2R-OC-IPX-01-2019). The project will be in cooperation between Linnaeus University, Italian Interuniversity Consortium for Informatics (CINI), Delft University of Technology, University of Leeds, and will leverage on the input from big industry players like Hitachi Rail STS.



The overall objective of the RAILS research project is to investigate the potential of Artificial Intelligence (A.I.) approaches in the rail sector and contribute to the definition of roadmaps for future research in next generation signalling systems, operational intelligence, and network management. RAILS will address the training of PhD students to support the research
capacity in A.I. within the rail sector across Europe by involving research institutions in four different countries with a combined background in both computer science and transportation systems. RAILS will produce knowledge, ground breaking research and experimental proof-of-concepts for the adoption of A.I. in rail automation, predictive maintenance and defect detection, traffic planning and capacity optimization. To that aim, RAILS will combine A.I. paradigms with the Internet of Things, in order to leverage on the big amount of data generated by smart sensors and applications. The research activities will be conducted in continuity with ongoing research in railways, but the methodological and technological concepts developed in RAILS are expected to stimulate further innovation providing new research directions to improve reliability, maintainability, safety, security, and performance. With respect to safety, emerging threats and certification issues will be addressed when adopting A.I. in autonomous and cooperative driving, based on the concepts of “explainable A.I.” and “Trustworthy AI”. With respect to cyber-physical threat detection, innovative approaches will be developed based on A.I. models like Artificial Neural Networks and Bayesian Networks together with multi-sensor data fusion and artificial vision. Resilience and optimization techniques based on genetic algorithms and self-healing will be addressed to face failures and service disruptions as well as to increase efficiency and line capacity. All those techniques will pave the way to the development of the new “Railway 4.0”.


LNU Project Page


RAILS Project Website

IoT tech day August 29th

Wednesday, June 26th, 2019

Who said that Internet of Things has to be difficult? Linnaeus University and Kalmar Energi invites you to an inspirational day with the theme IoT. The researchers from the CPS-group are co-organizing the event.

During the inspirational day, we will showcase various uses and give ideas for new business opportunities using Internet of Things. This is interesting not least because it is now possible to use an open IoT network in Kalmar to freely test and develop.

The IoT technology is now so simple and, most importantly, cheap that all that is required is a little time and interest in turning ideas into reality.

The inspirational day will also be broadcast live on the Internet. The link will be announced later. The presentations will be held in both Swedish and English.

For more information about the program, speakers, how to register and the follow-up workshops please see the event website.



UPDATE August 30th 2019

Pictures taken from the talk of the invited speaker Dr. Usman Raza (Principal Research Engineer, Toshiba Research Europe Ltd)

Slides about IoT Research & Education at LNU:


Post-Event News (in Swedish)

Talk: Towards Secure Architectural Adaptation at SEAMS 2019

Sunday, May 26th, 2019

A few of our researchers are now in Montreal, Canada for SEAMS 2019 (Symposium on Software Engineering for Adaptive and Self-Managing Systems 2019 conference). The objective of SEAMS is to bring together researchers and practitioners from diverse areas to investigate, discuss, and examine the fundamental principles, the state of the art, and critical challenges of engineering self-adaptive and self-managing systems.

On Sunday May 26th, Narges Khakpour will give a presentation of the paper entitled Towards Secure Architectural Adaptation (authored by: Narges Khakpour, Charilaos Skandylas, Goran Saman Nariman, and Danny Weyns), accepted for publication in the book of proceedings of the conference.

As any software system, a self-adaptive system is subject to security threats. However, applying self-adaptation may introduce additional threats. So far, little research has been devoted to this important problem. In this paper, we propose an approach for vulnerability analysis of architecture-based adaptations in self-adaptive systems using threat modeling and analysis techniques. To this end, we specify components’ vulnerabilities and the system architecture formally and generate an attack model that describes the attacker’s strategies to attack the system when adaptation is applied by exploiting different vulnerabilities. We use a set of security metrics to quantitatively assess the security risks of adaptations based on the produced attack model which enables the system to consider security aspects while choosing an adaptation to apply to the system. We automate and incorporate our approach into the Rainbow framework, allowing for secure architectural adaptations at runtime. To evaluate the effectiveness of our approach, we apply it on a simple document storage system and on the ZNN system.

For more information please click here.

Co-charing the industry/project dissemination session at CRITIS 2019

Friday, May 17th, 2019

The 14th International Conference on Critical Information Infrastructures Security, CRITIS 2019, will be held in Linköping on September 23-25 2019.

CRITIS 2019 aims at bringing together researchers, professionals from academia, critical (information) infrastructure operators, industry, defence sector and governmental organisations working in the field of the security of critical (information) infrastructure systems. Moreover, CRITIS aims to encourage and inspire early stage and open-minded researchers in this demanding multi-disciplinary field of research.

Francesco Flammini, Senior Lecturer at Linnaeus University, is a part of the Technical Committee of the conference and will be co-charing the industry/project dissemination session.

For more information about the conference, see the conference website.


CALL FOR CONTRIBUTIONS — Industrial/practical experience reports

Critical infrastructures must fulfil dependability requirements that impose the use of rigorous techniques during procurement, development, commissioning and training/preparedness, as well as in regulatory audits of the operational systems.

In this CRITIS special session we solicit short presentations from an industrial perspective addressing any aspect of such processes and of the supervision of critical operations. Reports of actual cases are welcome including success stories or failure/emergency management operations with the aim of sharing lessons learnt. Contributions to this session are also welcome by academics working on research projects with industrial partners who have driven experimental evaluations of research outcomes and prototypes with the help of real-world data, or have validated hypotheses by performing surveys and interviews.

The submissions in this session have the following characteristics:

  • Papers of 1-2 pages in length (including references and figures), using the Springer format.
  • The submissions are NOT anonymised
  • The title of the submission must include the words “Industry/Experience report”

The submissions in this session will be evaluated by the two session chairs:

  • Sokratis K. Katsikas (NTNU, Norway & Open University of Cyprus, Cyprus)
  • Francesco Flammini (Linnaeus University, Sweden)

The final versions of the contributions (reflecting the comments by the session chairs and necessary improvements) will be shown on the conference web page and presented during the conference, and can be later extended and published in other venues.

Important dates:

  • Submission deadline: 9th June 2019
  • Notification of acceptance: 20th June 2019
  • Final version submission: 9th September 2019


Final program

CRITIS 2019_Smart-Troubleshooting_POSTER



The industry session white paper has been published in CRITIS’19 conference proceedings and it is now accessible here.


Learn more about Artemis IA and European projects

Monday, May 13th, 2019

The department of Computer Science and Media Technology is a members of Artemis IA through Francesco Flammini but we believe it can be benifical for many of you to get involved in the work since it gives you great opportunities for building international networks for European projects. Next week we will get a visit from Paolo Azzoni who is the Research Program Manager at EUROTECH Group, he will present the results of an assessment of research projects within Artemis IA.

So if you are curious we invite you to a lunch seminar;

  • When? Tuesday May 14th 12.00-13.00
  • Where? D1167
  • Practical information: Bring your own lunch. If you confirm your participation to before noon May 13th there will be coffee/tea and something sweet as a dessert.

Bio Paolo Azzoni

Paolo Azzoni is the Research Program Manager at EUROTECH Group. He is responsible for planning and directing industrial research projects, investigating technologies beyond the state of the art in computer science, developing a wide network of academic research groups and providing the financial support to company research activities. His main working areas include cyber-physical systems (CPS), intelligent systems, machine-to-machine distributed systems, device to cloud solutions, and Internet of Things. He participated in several European research projects in the contexts of FP7, Artemis, Aeneas, ECSEL and H2020, and he is a European Community Independent Expert. (more…)